Description

This Processor puts the contents of a FlowFile to a Topic in Apache Kafka using KafkaProducer API available with Kafka 2.6 API. The contents of the incoming FlowFile will be read using the configured Record Reader. Each record will then be serialized using the configured Record Writer, and this serialized form will be the content of a Kafka message. This message is optionally assigned a key by using the <Kafka Key> Property.

Security Configuration

The Security Protocol property allows the user to specify the protocol for communicating with the Kafka broker. The following sections describe each of the protocols in further detail.

PLAINTEXT

This option provides an unsecured connection to the broker, with no client authentication and no encryption. In order to use this option the broker must be configured with a listener of the form:

    PLAINTEXT://host.name:port
            

SSL

This option provides an encrypted connection to the broker, with optional client authentication. In order to use this option the broker must be configured with a listener of the form:

    SSL://host.name:port
            
In addition, the processor must have an SSL Context Service selected.

If the broker specifies ssl.client.auth=none, or does not specify ssl.client.auth, then the client will not be required to present a certificate. In this case, the SSL Context Service selected may specify only a truststore containing the public key of the certificate authority used to sign the broker's key.

If the broker specifies ssl.client.auth=required then the client will be required to present a certificate. In this case, the SSL Context Service must also specify a keystore containing a client key, in addition to a truststore as described above.

SASL_PLAINTEXT

This option uses SASL with a PLAINTEXT transport layer to authenticate to the broker. In order to use this option the broker must be configured with a listener of the form:

    SASL_PLAINTEXT://host.name:port
            
In addition, the Kerberos Service Name must be specified in the processor.

SASL_PLAINTEXT - GSSAPI

If the SASL mechanism is GSSAPI, then the client must provide a JAAS configuration to authenticate. The JAAS configuration can be provided by specifying the java.security.auth.login.config system property in NiFi's bootstrap.conf, such as:

    java.arg.16=-Djava.security.auth.login.config=/path/to/kafka_client_jaas.conf
            

An example of the JAAS config file would be the following:

    KafkaClient {
        com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required
        useKeyTab=true
        storeKey=true
        keyTab="/path/to/nifi.keytab"
        serviceName="kafka"
        principal="nifi@YOURREALM.COM";
    };
            
NOTE: The serviceName in the JAAS file must match the Kerberos Service Name in the processor.

Alternatively, the JAAS configuration when using GSSAPI can be provided by specifying the Kerberos Principal and Kerberos Keytab directly in the processor properties. This will dynamically create a JAAS configuration like above, and will take precedence over the java.security.auth.login.config system property.

SASL_PLAINTEXT - PLAIN

If the SASL mechanism is PLAIN, then client must provide a JAAS configuration to authenticate, but the JAAS configuration must use Kafka's PlainLoginModule. An example of the JAAS config file would be the following:

    KafkaClient {
      org.apache.kafka.common.security.plain.PlainLoginModule required
      username="nifi"
      password="nifi-password";
    };
            
The JAAS configuration can be provided by either of below ways
  1. specify the java.security.auth.login.config system property in NiFi's bootstrap.conf. This limits you to use only one user credential across the cluster.
  2.                 java.arg.16=-Djava.security.auth.login.config=/path/to/kafka_client_jaas.conf
                
  3. add user attribute 'sasl.jaas.config' in the processor configurations. This method allows one to have multiple consumers with different user credentials or gives flexibility to consume from multiple kafka clusters.
  4.                 sasl.jaas.config : org.apache.kafka.common.security.plain.PlainLoginModule required
                                            username="nifi"
                                            password="nifi-password";
                
    NOTE: The dynamic properties of this processor are not secured and as a result the password entered when utilizing sasl.jaas.config will be stored in the flow.xml.gz file in plain-text, and will be saved to NiFi Registry if using versioned flows.

NOTE: It is not recommended to use a SASL mechanism of PLAIN with SASL_PLAINTEXT, as it would transmit the username and password unencrypted.

NOTE: The Kerberos Service Name is not required for SASL mechanism of PLAIN. However, processor warns saying this attribute has to be filled with non empty string. You can choose to fill any random string, such as "null".

NOTE: Using the PlainLoginModule will cause it be registered in the JVM's static list of Providers, making it visible to components in other NARs that may access the providers. There is currently a known issue where Kafka processors using the PlainLoginModule will cause HDFS processors with Keberos to no longer work.

SASL_PLAINTEXT - SCRAM

If the SASL mechanism is SSL, then client must provide a JAAS configuration to authenticate, but the JAAS configuration must use Kafka's ScramLoginModule. Ensure that you add user defined attribute 'sasl.mechanism' and assign 'SCRAM-SHA-256' or 'SCRAM-SHA-512' based on kafka broker configurations. An example of the JAAS config file would be the following:

    KafkaClient {
      org.apache.kafka.common.security.scram.ScramLoginModule
      username="nifi"
      password="nifi-password";
    };
            
The JAAS configuration can be provided by either of below ways
  1. specify the java.security.auth.login.config system property in NiFi's bootstrap.conf. This limits you to use only one user credential across the cluster.
  2.                 java.arg.16=-Djava.security.auth.login.config=/path/to/kafka_client_jaas.conf
                
  3. add user attribute 'sasl.jaas.config' in the processor configurations. This method allows one to have multiple consumers with different user credentials or gives flexibility to consume from multiple kafka clusters.
  4.                 sasl.jaas.config : org.apache.kafka.common.security.scram.ScramLoginModule required
                                            username="nifi"
                                            password="nifi-password";
                
    NOTE: The dynamic properties of this processor are not secured and as a result the password entered when utilizing sasl.jaas.config will be stored in the flow.xml.gz file in plain-text, and will be saved to NiFi Registry if using versioned flows.
NOTE: The Kerberos Service Name is not required for SASL mechanism of SCRAM-SHA-256 or SCRAM-SHA-512. However, processor warns saying this attribute has to be filled with non empty string. You can choose to fill any random string, such as "null".

SASL_SSL

This option uses SASL with an SSL/TLS transport layer to authenticate to the broker. In order to use this option the broker must be configured with a listener of the form:

    SASL_SSL://host.name:port
            

See the SASL_PLAINTEXT section for a description of how to provide the proper JAAS configuration depending on the SASL mechanism (GSSAPI or PLAIN).

See the SSL section for a description of how to configure the SSL Context Service based on the ssl.client.auth property.